Augmented Pump and Treat, ISCO and ENA completed under rail lines
Shortlisted as one of the best Environmental & Sustainability projects in the UK Rail Awards 2018, this site is located in the south of England at a train care depot, where trains have been stored, repaired, cleaned and refuelled for over 20 years.
At a train care depot in the south of England, where trains get cleaned, serviced and refuelled, contamination was discovered in the soils and groundwater under the Fuel Filling Point.
An investigation was carried out and it was found that diesel fuel had been spilled and leaked into the ground over a number of years. This resulted in free floating fuel on top of the groundwater with a plume of dissolved contamination stretching across the site. This plume had spread to the edge of the site, adjacent to residential properties, where it was deemed to pose a risk to the environment.
The aim of the remediation was to remove all floating fuel and reduce the dissolved contamination in the groundwater. This would meet the requirements of environmental regulation and remove any potential offsite liabilities.
This is a busy site with an operational depot and mainline station, therefore the cleanup needed to be completed in the safest and least disruptive manner possible. To meet this requirement, an innovative in situ remediation approach was chosen, so that the contamination would be treated within the subsurface itself, without the need for excavation.
This would also minimise the time spent on site by operatives, dramatically reducing H&S risks posed by the onsite works, and avoid any disruption to the operation of the depot.
The remediation was planned and completed by splitting up the site in 2 areas based on contamination concentration levels. Several remediation approaches were then integrated to provide the most efficient solution for each level:
In the source area, where the floating fuel had been observed, we implemented an enhanced pump and treat approach. This comprised the installation of 18 wells to 7m below ground level within the ‘4-foot’ and ‘6-foot’.
Suspended within these wells, special ‘top-loading’ pumps transported oil and grossly contaminated water along buried or safely retained pipework to an automated treatment system.
The efficiency of the system was dramatically increased through repeated injections of a desorption agent called PetroCleanze® to target fuel stuck to the soil, lifting it into the groundwater, where the pump could remove it. By using PetroCleanze to enhance oil removal, the required time to operate the system was cut in half, dramatically reducing the length of the remediation programme.
Following the removal of the free product, the dissolved plume was targeted by co-injecting two products into the wells: The first of these was RegenOx®, our powerful ISCO agent, which rapidly breaks down high levels of groundwater contamination.
ORC Advanced® was also injected in order to stimulate and maintain biological degradation of the residual contamination. ORC works by releasing dissolved oxygen into the groundwater over 12 months from a single injection.
The remediation resulted in the successful removal of the free-floating oil within 5 months and with the dissolved phase concentrations being reduced across the site as planned.
The integration of technologies allowed us to achieve the targets in the safest, most efficient manner. It also provided significant costs and time savings and avoided any disruption to the operation of depot and station.
The success of this remediation solution has been recognised as the project was a finalist at the 2018 UK Rail Industry Awards.