3-D Microemulsion is typically applied in high-volumes as an emulsified, micellar suspension (microemulsion). The material is delivered to the site as a concentrate and is then emulsified with on-site water forming an easy to handle and pump microemulsion with a relatively high hydrophilic/lipophilic balance (HLB). This high HLB allows dilute 3-D Microemulsion suspensions to be well distributed across contaminant plumes without high injection costs. 3-D Microemulsion applications can be configured in several different ways including: grids, barriers and excavations. The material itself can be applied to the subsurface through the use of direct-push injection, hollow-stem auger, existing wells or re-injection wells 3-D Microemulsion is usually applied throughout the entire vertical thickness of the determined treatment area. Once injected, the emulsified material moves out into the subsurface pore spaces forming micelles and moving via micellar transport, eventually coating most all available surfaces, these structures provide the added benefit of increased distribution via migration to areas of lower concentration. Over time the released soluble components of 3-D Microemulsion are distributed within the aquifer via the physical process of advection and the concentration driven forces of diffusion.
|3-D Microemulsion Installation Instructions|